GAD

Global Affairs Desk

Tue Jun 18 2024

National Civil Services Day

~ By Aarush Joshi & Samidha Jain on 4/22/2023

National Civil Services Day

Every year, on the 21st of April, National Civil Services Day is celebrated across the country as a token of appreciation and to show gratitude to all the public servants engaged in various departments of the country, working tirelessly to run the administrative machinery. Civil servants, particularly at the higher rungs of the administrative hierarchy play a critical role both in determining policy choices as well as charting the course through which policies are implemented. Officers appointed in the IAS and the IPS cadres and others are often the ones who work at the grassroots level to address various social issues faced by the citizens.

Civil Service is the service that is responsible for the public administration of the government of the country. It does not include legislative, judiciary, and military personnel. Civil Service in India consists of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and a list of All India Services and Central Services Group A and Group B. 21 April is dedicated to the Civil Servants to commemorate their exemplary services and to reflect on what they have done years back. Also, on this day plans are made for the coming year, and how the targets must be achieved.

Why is Civil Services Day celebrated?

The origin of the word Civil Services dates back to the era of the British when the British East India Company civilian staff were involved in administrative jobs and were known as 'Public Servants'. Its foundation was laid by Warren Hastings and later, more reforms were done by Charles Cornwallis and so he was known as the "Father of Civil Services in India".

Cut to the independence era, the date of 21 April was chosen to commemorate the day in 1947 when Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the first Home Minister of Independent India, addressed probationers of Administrative Services Officers at Metcalf House in Delhi. In his address to the probationers, he referred to civil servants as the 'steel frame of India'. That is civil servants who are working in different departments or at various levels of the government act as the supporting pillars of the administrative system of the country.

Civil Services Day objectives

Civil services are considered to be the backbone and the bedrock upon which the government runs the country's policies and programmes. Civil Service Day is celebrated every year in honour of those who work as civil servants. Every year, tens of thousands of people apply for about a thousand positions in the Indian Civil Service.

Civil officials provide an invaluable contribution to society and the nation. As a result, the 21st of April is designated as Civil Service Day to honour civil servants for their contributions. Civil Services Day aims at motivating and appreciating Civil Service officials and their efforts. The Central Government also uses this chance to assess the functioning of several civil service departments. In an attempt to motivate the officers, the Central Government recognises and honours the most hardworking individuals and organisations.

Celebrations, 2023

The theme for this year’s celebrations is “Viksit Bharat: Empowering Citizens and Reaching the Last Mile”. The significance and the inevitable role of the officials between the age group of 25 to 30 years were highlighted by the Union Minister, Jitendra Singh. The government elaborates that the officials from this age group have at least 25 years of service to provide and will be in service with full devotion and capacity during the completion of the centennial of the Independence of India (2047). They as the Union Minister put it, “are the ones who will be blessed with the privilege to be the architects of the India of 2047”. The Prime Minister on this occasion would be conferring 15 awards from 2.520 nominations of executives who have given their blood, sweat and tears to the country.

Role of Civil Servants

Civil Service is the service that is responsible for the public administration of the government of the country. It does not include legislative, judiciary, and military personnel. The country’s power structure is composed of the Legislative, the ones who make laws, the Executive, the ones who implement these laws and an Independent Judiciary. Civil Servants fall under the Executive.

Civil Service in India consists of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and other services that fall under the categories mentioned earlier. They are handpicked by one of the hardest National Competitive Exams which is conducted every year in three stages by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission).

This is to all the Civil Servants who dedicate themselves to the service of the public and the motherland, forgetting everything and living a life of pride and pleasure. They are the reason why India has come to its “Amrit Kaal”. Also, kudos to all the aspirants out there who are working

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